Integrated Energy Planning

Executive Summary

This R&D proposal has been prepared to address the gap that exists in effective and consistent usage of integrated energy planning methodology in addressing the energy crises, which is increasing in its gravity with passage of time. Efforts were made in the past to implement integrated energy planning models within the government in the form of Reference Energy System for Pakistan (RESPAK) and Pakistan Integrated Energy Model (Pak-IEM). However, no outcome is visible at the moment even though a lot of technical and financial resources went into these efforts with the help of international consultants. The main causes for discontinuity and non-sustainability of using these models are the ownership, complexity and sustainability of the project-based approach adopted to keep the modeling framework live and running.

This project intends to develop an easy-to-use, modular, workable integrated energy modeling product keeping in view the requirements and issues of a developing country, such as Pakistan, and sustainable through an industry-academia core group consisting of local professionals. Furthermore, energy sector stakeholders in the public sector would also be involved to have their consent/ feedback about the reliability of the results generated by the product.

This product would be based on Reference Energy System framework which is widely used in various energy planning tools. The model would be designed in such a manner that customization could be performed easily at the operational stage. Also due to its modular architecture, the model would also be easily expandable to incorporate future needs and requirements. Latest available energy data of Pakistan would be collected for use in the developed product to test and ensure the correctness of the relationships of various variables of the model.

The first step will be a comprehensive literature survey. Based on this review, the concept design of the integrated energy model would be outlined/ elaborated, that would enable to represent the complexities of the national energy systems. Development of the product would comprise of different modules resulting in generation of energy supply-demand balances. This venture would also lead to perform impact analysis of various strategies/ policies and would provide inputs for the policies in the longer term.

The final product would be indigenous, modular, customizable with transparent linkages, having technical control of local professionals, and more over sustainable to meet the needs of Pakistan. In a later phase, the product could also be marketed for international clients.